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#Legal

It is not law to have a will in Turkey but it is strongly advisable for a person owning a property to have a will to avoid any complications that may arise from not having a will in place.

The Turkish law regarding the transfer of real estate on the event of death is very different to other countries. The Turkish Inheritance law outlines that as a spouse you receive 25% of the estate with the children of the decease inheriting the remaining 75%.
If there is more than one child the estate will be divided between them equally.

Your UK or foreign will is legally valid in Turkey but to be ensure there is no confusion it is advisable to have a Turkish will.
Note: If you have a will in the UK or from your own country, remember to update it with your new property in Turkey.


Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.





Tags: Legal, Retiring

OBTAINING TURKISH CITIZENSHIP

Ways to obtain Turkish citizenship include:

Turkish citizenship for being the spouse of a Turkish citizen
Turkish citizenship for being a long term resident in Turkey
Turkish citizenship as an Investor

Before applying for Turkish citizenship make sure that your country of origin accepts dual nationality, otherwise you may lose your own citizenship. (Those with two citizenships already may find one of the original countries refuses three nationalities/citizenship's)

Important:
Please keep in mind that requirements slightly vary from one province to the other. You may find that some applicants must show a title deed while others are not required to, the number of photos may change and the application fee is apparently not standard. The official website does not mention it, but some applicants are asked to present police record checks.

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP THROUGH MARRIAGE
Conditions:
Before a foreign spouse of a Turkish citizen can apply for citizenship he/she must have been married for at least 3 years. The marriage must continue and the application will only be accepted if the foreign spouse’s general behaviour is in line with Turkish ethics and if the applicant does not represent a threat to public health, order and security.


>> If you would like to apply for a Turkish Citizenship YellAli can provide professional assistance. Contact us here.


Required documents:

- Application form VAT-6
- Full Nüfus Kayıt Örneği (Identity Register Copy) of the Turkish spouse.
- Applicant’s passport with notarized Turkish translation
- Applicant’s birth certificate obtained from the relevant country with apostille stamp and notarized Turkish translation
- Marriage certificate (if concluded married abroad with apostille stamp and notarized Turkish translation) Turkish Marriage Book.
- Residence permit valid for minimum 6 months at the time of application (if application is done in Turkey)
- Photocopy of the Turkish spouse’s ID card
- Copy of judgment if the applicant has ever been convicted in Turkey

Where is the application made:
Applications are made to the Turkish consulates (if the applicant lives outside Turkey) or to the civil registry office (İl Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık Müdürlüğü) in the main city of the province where the applicant resides.

What happens after the file is accepted:
The local police are required to research to establish whether the spouses really live together or whether it is a fake marriage. They may visit the residence, and also interview neighbours. During the application process the applicant and the Turkish spouse, and the couple together are invited to the processing office for an interview.

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP FOR LONG RESIDENCY
Conditions:
The applicant must have legally resided in Turkey for at least 5 years without interruption at the time of application. By his/her behaviour the applicant should make it obvious that he/she intends to stay in Turkey. Within the last 5 years he/she must not have left Turkey for longer than 6 months. Attention: Your residence permit Type is considered. For example, Student permits are not accepted.
The applicant must not represent a threat to public health, order and security. The applicant must prove a sufficient level of knowledge in the Turkish language.

Required documents (not standard over all of Turkey, authority may ask for additional documentation)

- Document from the police (Emniyet Müdürlüğü Yabancılar Şubesi) confirming that the applicant is eligible for citizenship application
- Application form VAT-3
- Applicant’s passport with notarized Turkish translation
- Applicant’s birth certificate obtained from the relevant country with apostille stamp and notarized Turkish translation
- Document showing the applicant’s marital status (with apostille stamp and notarized Turkish translation)
- Residence permit valid for minimum 6 months at the time of application
- Copy of judgment if the applicant has ever been convicted in Turkey
- if applicant has children under 18 at the time of application the children will be included in the citizenship application and additional documents for the child(ren) are required
- General health report from a state hospital
- Proof of sufficient regular income (e.g. work permit, pension, rental income)
- Passport sized photos (indicated numbers vary from 4 and 8)

Where is the application made:
Applications are made to the Turkish consulates (if the applicant lives outside Turkey) or to the civil registry office (İl Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık Müdürlüğü) attached to the province where the applicant resides.

What happens after the file is accepted:
At some point the applicant will be invited for a Turkish test and a general interview where you may have to give reasons why you want to become a Turkish citizen. While Turkish tests are pretty simple for spouses of Turkish citizens they are more of a challenge for single applicants.

Please note:
The status of the application can be followed online.
The processing of a citizenship application takes between 12 and 24 months.
The applicant’s residence permit must be maintained as current until informed of decision. Do not take a tourist visa to fill ‘a gap’

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP FOR INVESTMENT

Following recent changes in article 20 of the Citizenship Law No. 30540 it is now possible to have Turkish citizenship granted for major investments following a decision of the Council of Ministers. For details click here.

Content by YellAli - (All Copyright is protected and owned by YellAli - This content may NOT be copied & distributed by another third party).

>> If you would like to apply for a Turkish Citizenship YellAli can provide professional assistance. Contact us here.





Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.







Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal

A habitation certificate or living permission is a document verifying that the property is constructed in accordance with regulations and that the construction has been completed to meet building legislation.
The full completion of the tapu process is really only complete once you have received the certificate of habitation.

A habitation certificate shows that a property is suitable for use. It is not easy and sometimes not possible to obtain services such as water, sewage and electricity for a building without a habitation certificate. A habitation certificate allows you to obtain electricity and water in your own name and once registered you will be charged domestic rates, (as opposed to builders rates, which is more expensive)

To obtain your habitation certificate (or living permission) please visit your local Belediye and provide them with your tapu. They will need to see this documentation in order to issue a habitation certificate , (you may also need to provide your passport and tax number)
There may be a charge of 5 TL for this service.

(the left hand box on your tapu (Kat Mülkiyeti) should be crossed to prove the property has a habitation certificate)
Please note: Earthquake Insurance is invalid without living permission.

Tags: Legal

-   Powers of attorney are issued by the Turkish Embassies or Consulates or by the notary public.

-  If the power of attorney which is issued by a notary of a foreign country is certified according to The Hague Convention dated 5 October 1961 and if it bears “Apostille (Convention de La Haye du Octobre 1961)” in French, there is no need for an additional certification of the said power of attorney by the relevant Turkish Consulate.

-   If the power of attorney is issued by a notary of a foreign country which is not party to The Hague Convention dated 5 October 1961, the signature of the said notary has to be certified by the relevant authority of the foreign country and then the signature and seal of the said foreign authority have to be certified by the Turkish Consulate in that country. 

- Important note regarding the format of a POA: To ensure that the power of attorney is accepted by the Turkish land registry office it is advised to use the standard wording of the Turkish sample text if. A passport sized photo of the principal must be affixed to the first page and the notary seal appended. A photocopy of the passport must be attached.




Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Legal

When you own or rent a property in Turkey (concerning certain properties) you automatically become part of how the entire block or housing estate is run. This is known as 'Turkish condominium law'.
Condominium law concerns private properties, businesses and other types of property where owners own a freehold share of the wider property or land.


Need Assistance with Turkish Condominium Law or Legal Property Issues?
» Contact YellAli to discuss further or email info@yellali.com



Condominium law gives owners/renters legal rights to arrange/agree the management of shared areas, site maintenance, apartment rules, what needs to be done and how much it will cost.

To get started you will need to arrange an initial meeting and come together to decide who will be the association's manager or if a management company is preferred for this role.

Your next step is to obtain the necessary books (available from local stationers)

1. (DEFTERI) - A book for the minutes of the meetings.
Please note: This should be taken to the Public Noter to be stamped and a certificate placed on the first page of the book.

2. (ISLETME HESABI DEFTERI) – A book for keeping the accounts – the income and expenditure.
(The Noter is not required)

3. (GIDER PUSULASI) – Receipt books for issue of income collected or expenses paid.

At your first official meeting (at least 4/5ths of the owners should be present) a manager and treasurer should be appointed.
Note: Please allow at least 15 days notice for the first meeting.

Please note all the decisions agreed in the minutes book and obtain the signatures (in the book) of all those who attended.

Important:-

- There must be a management board and minutes to be taken
- All minutes must be recorded in Turkish (This should be completed by a legal translator)
- Everyone who is part of condominium is entitled to see books for minutes & accounts
- A meeting must be held at least once a year
- When renting instead of owning you can represent your landlord by means of power of attorney (“Katılım Vekaletnamesi”) -- your vote is as valuable as theirs.
- Everything has to be conducted legally and within Turkish law. Otherwise if not conducted properly, it can be become void.

For more information please see: Turkish Condominium Law


Tags: Legal

To add a person or spouse to a Tapu (title deed) you will need to 'sell a share' of the property to the person.

Please visit your local land registry office (Tapu Sicil Müdürlükleri) and inform them you want to sell a percentage of your property and add a new name to the tapu.

You will need to pay a sales transfer fee of 4 % - plus some additional administrative taxes.

Example; If you sell 50% of your property, you will have to pay 4% of this amount in taxes.

Please note; You can not sell a percentage of your property for any amount. There is a minimum amount you have to sell your share for, and your local land registry office will instruct you about the this.

You will need your passport ID & Turkish tax number


Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.





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Tags: Legal

If your current title deed (tapu) has 'Kat irtifakı' checked on your document and not 'Kat mülkiyeti', this will not effect you legally, providing you have a » habitation certificate.
By having your habitation certificate (living permission), you are entitled to electricity & water in your own name etc.

By having 'Kat irtifakı' checked the property is classified as a 'dwelling' and after the building is fully construction/completed,  it would usually be 'upgraded' to a finished build. ('Kat mülkiyeti')

If the Tapu remains as 'Kat irtifakı'  it is not a huge problem and will not effect you legally. (By this we mean, legal rights to electricity, water, living etc)

If you want to change the status of your property, you will need to submit the following documentation to your local deed office;

- Habitation certificate (living permission)
- Management plan of the site (if applicable)
- Construction plan of the building

There will be some fees involved to change it from 'Kat irtifakı' to 'Kat mülkiyeti'. 

Please note; If you have paid your builder to do this, then they must complete this fully and pay all the fees.




Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. The above information is provided by legal representatives of YellAli. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Legal

Do I need a valid residence permit to sell a vehicle in Turkey ?

A valid residence permit is not required when selling a vehicle in Turkey

When issued with a Turkish Residence Permit, you are given a Yabanci Kimlik Number (foreigners identity number) This number will suffice when selling a car in Turkey.

A Yabanci Kimlik number remains in the system, even after your residence permit has expired. You are required to give this number to the notary when selling the vehicle. (along with passport etc)

Note; Please ensure the vehicle is also free from debt. (penalty etc)
Check to see if the vehicle has outstanding fines here

If you would like legal assistance with the notary, please contact here



Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Advice, Legal

According to Turkish Law, promissory note is regulated under Article 776-779 of the Turkish Commercial Code (“TCC”). There are two main persons on a promissory note. These are the drawer who undertakes to pay and the payee who is entitled to the payment. With the promissory note, the drawer promises to pay to the payee or to his order the amount stated on the instrument. According to the TCC a promissory note is subject to strict form requirements for the same to be a valid instrument.

A promissory note must include the following elements:

1-The term “bono” or “emre yazılı senet” in the text of the instrument; or if it is written in a foreign language an equivalent of this word in that language (in English “promissory note
2-Unconditional undertaking to pay a certain amount of money which is stated in the promissory note;
3- The name and family name of the person to whom or to whose order payment is to be made; if a corporate entity, full corporate title;
4-Place of payment;
5-Maturity date;
6-The signature of the drawer;
7-The place and date of issue.

Certain content of a promissory note is statutory while some are deemed as optional contents of a promissory note as follows:

- Statutory content;

1- The term “bono” or “emre yazılı senet” in the text of the instrument; or if it is written in a foreign language an equivalent of this word in that language (in English “promissory note”)
2- Unconditional undertaking to pay a certain amount of money which is stated in the promissory note;
3-The name and family name of the person to whom or to whose order payment is to be made; if a corporate entity, full corporate title;
4- The issuance date; and
5- The signature of the drawer.

Optional content of a promissory note can be listed as follows:

1- As per article 777 of TCC if the place of issuance is not indicated on the promissory note, then the promissory note is deemed to be issued at the place written next to the name of the issue;
2- In accordance with article 777 of TCC if it is not clear on the promissory note, then the place that the promissory note was drawn up will be deemed as the place of payment and the residential address of the issuer;
3- The non-existence of a due date does not invalidate the promissory note. If the promissory note does not include a maturity date, the same has to be paid upon its presentment to the drawer. However, the promissory note, which needs to be paid at sight, shall be presented to the drawer within one year after its issuance. In case the promissory note which is to be paid at sight is not paid upon presentment, a protest for non-payment shall be issued by the holder of the said promissory note.

If the above referred statutory elements of a promissory note are not indicated on the content of the promissory note, then such promissory note shall be deemed invalid and shall not be considered as a negotiable instrument.

by Erdal Law Firm

If you would like to discuss further please get in touch Send Mail




Tags: Legal

Updated Sept 2018

Official Gazette Dated September 19 2018

Issue 30540;

Decision number 106

REGULATION ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LAW OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP REGULATION

ARTICLE 1- The Regulation on the Implementation of the Turkish Citizenship Law put into force by the Decree of the Council of Ministers

(2) A foreigner who acquires any of the following conditions may acquire Turkish citizenship with the proposal of the Ministry and the decision of the Council of Ministers within the scope of paragraph (b) of the first paragraph of Article 12 of the Law:

A) Making a fixed capital investment for of at least 500,000 USD that is determined by the Ministry of Industry and Technology.

B) Acquiring at least 250,000 USD immovable property in Turkey and an annotation that the property shall not be transferred must be registered on the title deed, that is determined by the Ministry of Environment and Municipality;,

C) The Ministry of Labor and Social Security, which employs at least 50 people,

D) Investing at least 500.000 USD deposit into a bank account in Turkey provided that it must be kept for three years that is determined by the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency,

D) Acquiring at least 500,000 USD Government’s debt instruments provided that it must be kept for three years that is determined by the Undersecretaries of Treasury and Finance

"(6) When the monetary values stated in the second paragraph are determined, the effective sales price of the Central Bank of Turkey at the date of determination shall be taken as basis.

The provisions of this Regulation are executed by the Council of Ministers.

Content by MGC Legal (Partner of YellAli) - (All Copyright is protected and owned by MGC Legal - This content may NOT be copied & distributed by another third party).

If you would like to apply for a Turkish Citizenship YellAli can provide professional assistance. Contact us here.




Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Legal

An Apostille is a legalisation stamp issued according to the Apostille Convention, which is an international treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. This treaty specifies the modalities through which a document issued in one of the signatory countries can be certified for legal purposes in all the other signatory states.
State authorities only accept documents from a foreign country if an authority recognized by them has confirmed that the signature on the original document is authentic. The signatories of the Apostille Convention have agreed to accept each other’s documents as long as they are provided with an Apostille stamp.

Who can issue an Apostille?
Apostilles are affixed by Competent Authorities designated by the government of a state which is party to the convention. A list of these authorities is maintained by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. Examples of designated authorities are embassies, ministries, courts or (local) governments. In the United Kingdom, all apostilles are issued by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. In Turkey they are issued by the district or province governors (Kaymakamlık, Valilik) for administrative documents. Court documents are apostilled by the Adli Yargı Adalet Komisyonu (justice committee) attached to Ağır Ceza Mahkemeleri (assize courts).

Which documents can be apostilled?
To be eligible for an apostille, a document must first be issued or certified by an officer recognised by the authority that will issue the apostille. Four types of documents are mentioned in the convention:

court documents
administrative documents (e.g. civil status documents)
notarial acts
official certificates which are placed on documents signed by persons in their private capacity, such as official certificates recording the registration of a document or the fact that it was in existence on a certain date and official and notarial authentications of signatures.


YellAli can provide professional assistance with your Apostille Documents (All Nationalities). Contact us here.



What happens if my document is from a country that is not party to the Apostille Convention?
A State that has not signed the Convention must specify how foreign legal documents can be certified for its use. Two countries may have a special convention on the recognition of each other's public documents, but in practice this is infrequent. Otherwise, the document must be certified by the foreign ministry of the country in which the document originated, and then by the foreign ministry of the government of the state in which the document will be used; one of the certifications will often be performed at an embassy or consulate. In practice this means the document must be certified twice before it can have legal effect in the receiving country.

To find out whether your country is a signatory of the Apostille Convention click:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostille_Convention#States_that_are_party_to_the_convention

How do I get my document apostilled?
The apostille stamp is always affixed in the country where the document was issued. So if you are in Turkey and the Turkish authority require your birth certificate, police record check or power of attorney issued abroad with an apostille stamp, you will necessarily have to take it back to its country of origin.
Many countries offer an online legalisation service, so you are not obliged to take the next plane back to your country.

Obtaining an apostille from the UK online
To use the service you’ll need:

the documents you want to legalise
a credit or debit card for payment
the address you want your documents returned to
access to a printer (to print out your application form)

What is costs:
The legalisation service costs £30 per document, plus courier fees or postage. If you have your document sent to an address in the UK, the fee is £5.50, to most European countries £14.50 and £25.00 to the rest of the world (including Turkey).

How long it takes:
It normally takes 2 working days to process your documents using the standard service, plus courier or postage time. Applications during peak periods around Easter and summer can take up to 10 days.

Address and contact:
Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Hanslope Park, Hanslope, Milton Keynes MK10 1XX, United Kingdom
Phone:+44 370 000 2244
E-mail address: legalisationenquiries@fco.gsi.gov.uk
Website: https://www.gov.uk/get-document-legalised

Please note: Even if your document is also in Turkish language (bilingual or multilingual) the apostille stamp will have to be translated and notarised in Turkey.

YellAli can assist you with getting your legalised document and have it translated and notarised. Contact us here










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Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal

TURQUOİSE CARD REGULATİONS

CHAPTER ONE
Aim, Scope, Basis and Definitions
Aim
ARTICLE 1 – (1) The aim of this Regulations is to regulate the procedures and principles regarding the application, evaluation and transition period for Turquoise Card, the rights granted to the Turquoise Card holder and his/her relatives and the use thereof.

Scope
ARTICLE 2 – (1) This Regulations includes the foreigners who are in the Turquoise Card application, evaluation and transition period, Turquoise Card holder and his/her relatives.

Basis
ARTICLE 3 – (1) This Regulations is based on the articles 11 and 25 of the International Labour Law dated 28.07.2016 and No 6735.

Definitions
ARTICLE 4 – (1) In this Regulations;

a) Ministry: The Ministry of Labour and Social Security,
b) General Directorate: Directorate General of International Labour,
c) Law: International Labour Law dated 28.07.2016 and No 6735,
d) System: Ministry Foreigner Application, Evaluation and Monitoring System,
e) Turquoise Volunteer: The foreigner who is approved by the General Directorate to carry out volunteering activities in promotion of Turquoise Card in the country where he/she lives,
f) Turquoise Card: The document which grants indefinite work and residence permit to the foreigner and residence permit to his/her relatives,
g) Turquoise Card Holder’s Relatives: Foreign spouse of the Turquoise Card holder and minor or dependent foreign children of the card holder or his/her spouse,
h) Foreign Delegations of Turkey: Embassies or Consulate General of the Republic of Turkey,
i) Certificate of Conformity: The certificate to be issued by the related public organizations and institutions specified herein and to be determined by the General Directorate which indicates that the foreigner has the qualifications required to have Turquoise Card,
j) Specialist: The personnel assigned by the General Directorate to evaluate the Turquoise Card application and monitor the transition period,
k) Foreigner: The person who is not a citizen of the Republic of Turkey,
l) Foreigner Identity Number: The identification number given to the foreigners in accordance with the Civil Registry Services Act dated 25.04.2006 and No 5490,
m) Authorized Intermediary Firm: Organization or institution qualifications and tasks of which are determined with a regulation and which is authorized by the Ministry.

CHAPTER TWO
General Principles
Foreigners who are eligible for Turquoise Card
ARTICLE 5 – (1) Turquoise Card may be given to foreigners who;

a) Are evaluated to be highly qualified labour with their education, salary, professional knowledge and experience, contribution in science and technology and similar qualifications;
b) Are evaluated to be highly qualified investor with their investment or export level, size of the employment they will provide, contribution in scientific and technological development and similar qualifications,
c) Contribute in scientific and technological development or who are scientists or researchers who conduct studies which are considered to be strategic on the international level in terms of the country’s interest in the fields of science, industry and technology,
d) Are successful on the international level in cultural, artistic or sportive activities,
e) Contribute in the international recognition or promotion of Turkey or the Turkish Culture and carry out international activities in relation to national interests of Turkey.

Turquoise Card Application
ARTICLE 6 – (1) Turquoise Card application can be submitted directly on the system in the country or through the Foreign Delegation of Turkey in the country where the foreigner is a citizen or is legally present.
(2) Information and documents regarding the applications abroad are submitted to the Ministry in the electronic media by the Foreign Delegation of Turkey.
(3) The foreigner who is legally present in Turkey can apply directly on the system with his/her foreigner identity number in the country.
(4) Turquoise Card application may also be submitted by an authorized intermediary firm on behalf of the foreigner in the country or abroad.
(5) The application is completed when the information and documents regarding the foreigner and his/her relative determined by the General Directorate are entered in the system during Turquoise Card application.

Residency Permit Application for Turquoise Card Holder’s Relative

ARTICLE 7 – (1) It is essential that the residency permit application for Turquoise Card holder’s relative is submitted to the Ministry in accordance with the Turquoise Card application procedure and at the same with this application. However, in Turquoise Card applications from abroad, the applications of these foreigners can be submitted to the Ministry within maximum ninety days after their entry to Turkey, provided that it does not exceed their visa or visa exemption period, if the information required for residency permit application for Turquoise Card holder’s relative is not available.

(2) In the residency permit application for Turquoise Card holder’s relative, the marriage certificate for the spouse and the certificates indicating the parenthood or dependency for the child are enclosed in the application.

Application Documents
ARTICLE 8 – (1) Following documents are uploaded to the system during application:

a) Application form,
b) Copy of the passport or equivalent document of the foreigner,
c) Certificate of conformity taken from related public organization or institution, if any,
d) For the foreigners specified in the article 5 herein, documents published on the official web site of the General Directorate to be determined among the following:
1) Diploma, labour contract, CV, assignment or appointment letter, internationally accepted documents specifying professional experience and foreign languages other than the native language for the foreigners who are evaluated to be qualified labour,
2) Documents specifying the size of investment, employment level, export amount, financial competence and area, sector and line of work for the foreigners who are evaluated to be qualified investor,
3) Diploma, documents specifying academic career and title, academic studies or license, trademark or patent certificates for scientist or researchers,
4) Certificates of achievements for the foreigners who became successful on national and international level in cultural, artistic or sportive activities,
5) Certificates on activities carried out on the international level as Turquoise volunteer, literary and artistic works, certificates regarding promotion activities containing information such as duration, sustainability, continuity and impact area for the foreigners who contribute in recognition and promotion of Turkey or Turkish culture.
(2) General Directorate is authorized to determine the required documents, include additional documents or change these documents for each foreigner group in terms of the foreigners listed in the Article 5. Regulations in this scope shall be published on the official web site of the General Directorate.
(3) For the applications of the foreigners who are legally present in Turkey to be submitted in the country, valid residence permit is not required for the foreigner.

Evaluation of Turquoise Card Application
ARTICLE 9 – (1) In evaluation of Turquoise Card application, the scoring system created within the scope of criteria determined by the General Directorate in accordance with the international labour policy.
(2) The applications which get the adequate score within the scope of scoring system are evaluated as positive.
(3) In evaluation of the applications submitted for the foreigners specified in (b), (c) and (d) paragraphs of the article 5, the certificate of conformity taken from related public organization or institution, if any, may be included in scoring.
(4) In evaluation of the applications submitted for the formal education students who are in the last year of their undergraduate education or who are having graduate education who have outstanding success in their field with their high skills, potentials or academic studies and research, the opinion of the institution they are studying at and the faculty members who work there as well as the opinions of the related organizations and institutions may be taken.

Certificate of Conformity
ARTICLE 10 – (1) Certificate of Conformity may be issued by related public organizations or institutions for the foreigners specified in (b), (c) and (d) paragraphs of the article 5 indicating that they are eligible for Turquoise Card based on their qualifications.
(2) Form and content of the certificate of conformity are determined by the General Directorate separately for each foreigner group by taking the opinion of the related public organizations or institutions.
(3) The General Directorate is authorized to determine, change or add related public organizations or institutions to be authorized to issue certificates of conformity.
(4) Certificate of Conformity does not grant any acquired right in relation to approval of the Turquoise Card application.

Scoring System
ARTICLE 11 – (1) Scoring System is prepared in accordance with the determined criteria for the foreigners listed in article 5 based on their qualifications.

(2) In preparation of the scoring system, following are taken as basis;

a) For the foreigners who are evaluated to be qualified labour; their educational background, the reputation of the higher education institution where they studied, their salary level, professional experience as senior manager in high qualification jobs which require specialization, compliance of education and occupation, foreign languages other than native language and other similar criteria which show other qualifications,
b) For the foreigners who are evaluated to be qualified investor; documented or contracted investment, export or employment level, qualification of the sector, area and work to be invested in, immovable and movable properties owned in Turkey and intellectual property rights and similar criteria which show other qualifications,
c) For scientists or researchers; academic title, experience in internationally recognized higher education institutions or organizations which stand out in science and technology, patent, trademark or license registered by national or international organizations, innovation activities, experience in significant positions in R&D or strategic sectors such as IT, defence, mining or energy and similar criteria which show other qualifications,
d) For foreign athletes; individual or club license in their branch, achievements in national or international individual or team competitions, national or international achievements of the club as well as its legal status, national athlete status in their own country and similar criteria which show other qualifications,
d) For foreigners who have literary and artistic works; recognition of their works, national or international awards and similar criteria which show other qualifications,
e) For foreigners who contribute in recognition or promotion of Turkey or Turkish culture; promotion activities including information such as duration, sustainability, continuity and impact area, literary and artistic works, activities carried out on the international level as

Turquoise volunteer and similar criteria.
(3) General Directorate is authorized to amend the scoring system or determine different scoring systems based on region, province, sector, field of activity or occupation and publish thereof in six month periods.

Rejection of Turquoise Card Application
ARTICLE 12 – (1) As a result of the evaluation, Turquoise Card applications which:

a) Fail to meet the evaluation criteria determined by the Ministry,
b) Fail to comply with international labour policy,
c) Contain false or misleading information and documents,
d) Fail to provide adequate reason in relation to employment of foreigners,
e) Are submitted for the jobs and occupations restricted for Turkish Citizens in other laws,
f) Are submitted to the foreigners who are notified by the Ministry of Interior to be included among the foreigners who are not allowed to enter into Turkey, have visa or will be deported within the scope of related articles of the Foreigners and International Protection Law dated 04.04.2013 and No 6458,
g) Are submitted to the foreigners who are not allowed to work in Turkey for public order, public security or public health concerns,
h) Are submitted to the foreigners who are citizen of countries which are not recognized or established diplomatic relations by the Republic of Turkey, except for the approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
i) Are not submitted or completed in legal time period shall be rejected.

Taking the Opinion of Relevant Authorities
ARTICLE 13 – (1) The Ministry may take opinions from relevant authorities when evaluating the Turquoise Card applications.
(2) Relevant authorities shall submit their opinions to the Ministry within 15 days at the latest or request time extension when required provided that it does not exceed 15 days.
(3) Opinions which are not submitted within specified time period shall be considered as positive by the Ministry provided that matters related to national security and public order are reserved.

Charging a Fee
ARTICLE 14 – (1) In accordance with the Charges Law dated 02.07.1964 and No 492, work permit and residency permit fee is not charged to the Turquoise Card holder and residency permit fee is not charged to the Turquoise Card holder’s relative.
(2) Turquoise Card to be granted to the foreigner and the Turquoise Card holder’s relative card to be given to his/her relative shall be issued as valuable paper in accordance with the Valuable Papers Law dated 21.02.1963 and No 210.

Transition Period
ARTICLE 15 – (1) Turquoise card is granted provided that first three years are transition period.

(2) The General Directorate assigns a specialist to monitor the activities and commitments of the Turquoise Card holder within the transition period.
(3) Monitoring report, the form and content of which will be determined by the General Directorate, shall be drawn up by the specialist in twelve month periods.
(4) The foreigner is obliged to submit all kinds of information and document required for the monitoring report to the Ministry within fifteen days. It is essential that the information and documents are submitted through the system, but the General Directorate my allow using all kinds of communication means including registered electronic mail.
(5) Deficiencies identified in accordance with the specialist’s report are notified to the foreigner and three month time is granted for completing the deficiencies. If the deficiencies are not completed at the end of this period, it may be decided that the transition period is terminated and Turquoise Card is cancelled.
(6) Within the transition period, the General Directorate may investigate the domestic and international activities of the foreigner.

Authorized Intermediary Firm
ARTICLE 16 – (1) Reports including all kinds of information, document and data requested from the foreigner by the General Directorate for monitoring and evaluation during transition period may be drawn up by the authorized intermediary firm.

(2) The authorized intermediary firm is obliged to submit the reports drawn up for the Turquoise Card holder to the General Directorate within the fifteen days following the completion of twelve month periods.
(3) Correction requests regarding the form and content of the reports are notified to the foreigner and the authorized intermediary firm by the General Directorate on electronic environment. If the specified amendments are not made within thirty days, the reports shall be invalid.

Removing the Transition Period Registration
ARTICLE 17 – (1) The request for removing the transition period registration is made within the one hundred and eighty days before the expiration of transition period and in any case before the expiration of transition period. If application is not submitted within this period, Turquoise Card shall be invalid. Applications after the period expired shall be rejected.
(2) Transition period registration shall be removed by the General Directorate within thirty days after the request of the Turquoise Card holder, provided that the final report to be drawn up by the specialist is positive.
(3) In the event that the final report to be drawn up by the specialist is negative, the General Directorate shall determine whether to extend the transition period or cancel the Turquoise Card as a result of its evaluation.

Granting Turquoise Card for an Indefinite Period
ARTICLE 18 – (1) The transition period registration on the Turquoise Card which is not cancelled within the transition period shall be removed if the request to remove the transition period registration is approved and the Turquoise Card becomes indefinite.

Rights and Liabilities of the Turquoise Card Holder
ARTICLE 19 – (1) Turquoise Card holder shall benefit from the rights granted by indefinite work permit. Turquoise Card holders;

a) Are exempt from military duty obligation in Turkey.
b) They cannot benefit from right to elect and be elected and assigned in public positions,
c) Their acquired rights regarding social security are reserved, but they are subject to the provisions in related legislation when using these rights.
d) Transactions of these people in relation to residency, travel, work, investment, commercial activity, inheritance, acquiring and renouncing from movable and immovable, etc. are carried out by the related organizations or institutions in accordance with the legislations that apply to Turkish citizens.

(2) If it is required to be a Turkish citizen for using such rights and obligations in special laws, Turquoise Card holders cannot demand to benefit from such rights.
(3) Within the scope of (b) paragraph in the first clause of the article 12 of Turkish Citizenship Act dated 25.09.2009 and No 5901, Turquoise Card holder and his/her relative may be granted Turkish Citizenship upon the suggestion of the Ministry provided that they do not have a situation which may constitute an impediment for national security and public order and transition period registration is removed.

Turquoise Card Holder’s Relative Card
ARTICLE 20 – (1) Turquoise Card Holder’s Relative card is issued for the Turquoise Card holder’s relatives.
(2) This card replaces residency permit within the validity period of the Turquoise Card.
(3) If the Turquoise Card becomes invalid, this card issued by the card holder’s relative shall be cancelled by the General Directorate.

Restricting the Turquoise Card
ARTICLE 21 – (1) Turquoise Card applications and evaluation may be restricted with agriculture, industry or service sectors, certain occupation, line of work or administrative or geographical area for a certain time or suspended by the Ministry in accordance with the international labour policy.

Cancelling the Turquoise Card
ARTICLE 22 – (1) Apart from the foreigner’s request, the Turquoise Card shall be cancelled if;

a) The card holder does not come to Turkey within six months after the effective date of the Turquoise Card or stays abroad continuously for longer than two years except for force majeure,
b) His/her passport or equivalent travel document is not extended except for the approval of the Ministry of Interior or Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
c) If it is determined that he/she is employed in contradiction with the provisions of law or illegally,
d) If it is determined that the foreigner did not work continuously for at least one year,
e) If it is determined later that Turquoise Card application is made with false or misleading information and documents,
f) If the information and documents requested within transition period are not submitted in due time or if it is understood that the foreigner is no longer eligible for Turquoise Card according to monitoring report,
g) If it is notified by the Ministry of Interior that the foreigner is included among the foreigners who are not allowed to enter into Turkey, have visa or will be deported in accordance with Law No 6458,
h) If it is notified by related public organizations or institutions that the foreigner is not allowed to work in Turkey for public order, public security or public health concerns.

(2) Turquoise Card is no longer valid after being cancelled.

Social Security Liability
ARTICLE 23 – (1) Provided that the provisions of the social security agreements in which Turkey is a party are reserved, Turquoise Card holders and employers who employ foreigners are obliged to fulfil their obligations arising from social security legislation in due time in accordance with the provisions of the Social Insurance and General Health Insurance Law dated 31.05.2006 and No 5510.

CHAPTER THREE
MISCELLANEOUS
Legal Clauses
ARTICLE 24 – (1) In case of situations for which there are no provisions in this Regulations, the provisions in the Law and other legislation shall apply.

(2) General Directorate may carry out all kinds of regulatory transaction provided that they are not in contradiction with the provisions of the Law and this Regulations.

Transition Provisions
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 1 – (1) Until the necessary technical infrastructure is competed by the Ministry, the applications within this Regulations are submitted to the Work Permit Automation of Foreigners which is accessible on the e-Government Gateway. If required by the General Directorate, the documents submitted on the system shall be submitted to the Ministry in hard copies.

(2) Until the necessary technical infrastructure is competed by the Ministry, residence permit shall be granted to the Turquoise Card holder’s relative by the Provincial Directorates of Migration Management.

Enforcement
ARTICLE 25 – (1) This Regulations shall take effect as of the publication date.

Execution
ARTICLE 26 – (1) The provisions of this Regulations are executed by the Minister of Labour and Social Security.

Content by OzbekCPA (Partner of YellAli) - (All Copyright is protected and owned by OzbekCPA - This content may NOT be copied & distributed by another third party).

If you would like to apply for a Turquoise Card YellAli can provide professional assistance. Contact us here.




Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Legal, work permit

The immigration office no longer issue a 15 day exit document.

If the applicant has sufficient days on their visa, then they may exit and enter Turkey according to their visa duration.

If you need to exit Turkey and you do not have sufficient time on your entry visa, you can apply for an exit letter 10-15 days after your application for residency was submitted.

Contact your local Goc Idaresi to obtain an exit letter

updated: 06/2018



Tags: Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit, Visas

In the event of a rejection for a first application or renewal of the touristic residence permit, you must exit from the country within ten days from receipt of the rejection and cannot apply for the same type of residence permit for 6 months.

If you hold a valid visa for staying in Turkey, then you may stay in Turkey until the expiration of the visa.

However since the law states that the 6 month ban is for a person applying for the same residence permit type, you can apply for another type of residence permit; family or property residence permit under short term application or apply for a work permit from abroad in your native country.



Turkish Residence Permit
Turkish Residence Permit




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Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit, work permit

For a short term or student residence permit there is no such restriction.

However a Family residence permit holder, cannot spend more than 180 days abroad. Otherwise card holder’s residence permit will not be extended and cancelled.

Updated July/2018

Turkish Residence Permit
Turkish Residence Permit




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Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided as a general guide. Information published to YellAli is confirmed by official government departments in Turkey. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, information may be subject to change at any time. YellAli does not accept any responsibility or liability for inaccuracies in this information.



Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit, Visas

For obtaining citizenship through investment, the applicant must first obtain investor residence permit. The applicant’s husband/wife and children under 18 can apply it too. After obtaining such residence permit they can apply for citizenship.



Tags: Advice, Legal, Residency Permit, Visas

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR A RESIDENCE PERMIT FOR A BABY The following documents are required to apply for a residence permit for a baby born in Turkey

- Birth certificate
- Birth certificate from home country (some Goç Idaresi will ask for this)
- Formula A
- Hospital report
- NUFUS document showing the address of the parents
- Passport copies of the parents
- Passport for the baby
- Residence permit copies of the parents
- Government tax and card fee receipt
- Biometric photos (4)
- Completed online application form

The baby will need to attend the interview at the Goç Idaresi (immigration office) with both parents. If one parent has sole custody then a document will be required from the notary to support this. This document will need to be renewed every year.
For babies born outside of Turkey the birth certificate from the home country will need to apostille stamped in the home country.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal

No, each share has to be valued 250.000 USD.

Tags: Advice, Legal

No. You have to buy the property beginning from 19.09.2018

Tags: Advice, Legal, Residency Permit

No. For the citizenship, you don’t need to speak Turkish

Tags: Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit

You don’t need be in Turkey. But you need to come 2 times to Turkey during the process.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit

No. You have to buy the property beginning from 19.09.2018

Tags: Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit

Yes. The owner can apply but the value has to be 1.000.000 USD not 250.000 USD

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit

Yes. The real value has to be declared to the title deed office.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal

It takes approximately 2 months

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal

The property has to be valued by an expert company which is registered to BDDK and the sales amount has to be transferred to the sellers bank account.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Residency Permit

Can all people who buy property in Turkey apply for citizenship? There are some exceptional cases. You can contact us if you require any further information. Can all people who buy property in Turkey apply for citizenship? There are some exceptional cases. You can contact us if you require any further information.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Property

Any foreigner who does not speak Turkish and who wants to sign a document before a Turkish notary for power of attorney, purchase/sale of a second hand vehicle, will, foundation of a company, official notification letter and the like needs the services of a sworn translator/interpreter. Ideally, the translator should speak your mother tongue, but if you speak and understand another language, a translator for that language may sometimes accepted. (but not always). We offer full translation services at YellAli.

Tags: Expat advice, Legal

There are two kinds of sworn translators in Turkey. Sworn translators for a certain notary office,Sworn translators for legal/public institution.

Tags: Expat advice, Legal

Legal documents from abroad must be translated and notarised in Turkey (such as Power of Attorney, judgments, civil status documents) and must have an apostille stamp from the country of origin in order to be accepted by Turkish authorities. YellAli offers a full translation service.

Tags: Company in Turkey, Expat advice, Legal, Property

The easiest and quickest way to be granted 'Exceptional Citizenship' is by a “Bank Deposit”.

The amount has to be $250.000 or greater, this is deposited into a Turkish bank account, and is on hold for the duration of 3 years.

The accounts that will be deposited to: can be an Interest bearing account. So you will get interest on the money.

The immigration office is quickly being notified by the Bank’s Associate that the deposit and blocking has been done. So the process is quickly implemented.

If you would like to apply for Turkish Citizenship email - info@yellali.com



Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Property, Visas

For foreigners who buy or sell property in Turkey.

From March 4th 2019, an official evaluation report, (Ekspertiz Raporu) is compulsory for all foreigners who buy or sell a property in Turkey. This can only be provided by a government licensed evaluation company

The evaluation report will include a valuation of the property, which will be taken into consideration when declaring the property value on the title deed (tapu). The property is subject to a 3% purchase tax.

Tags: Advice, Expat advice, Legal, Property