If your coming to Turkey this summer, we have some phrases that may be useful.
Please note: The spelling of Turkish is phonetic, so once knowing the pronunciation of each letter the reading should not be a problem, since all words are pronounced exactly how they are written.
Some Turkish phrases to learn before your holiday:-
English - Turkish - Pronunciation
1. Hello - Merhaba! - MARE-HA-BA
2. Good evening - İyi akşamlar! - EE AK-SHAM-LAR
3. Good-bye (said by person leaving) - Hoşçakal! - HOSH-CHA-KAL
4. Good-bye (said by person staying) - Güle güle! - GUU-LEH GUU-LEH
5. How are you? - Nasılsın? - NA-SEL-SIN
6. I am fine, and you? - İyiyim, sen nasılsın? - EE-IM, SEN NA-SEL-SIN
7. Not very well. - Çok iyi değil. - CHOK EEYI DEY-EEL
8. Thank you - Teşekkür ederim. - TE-SH-QU-ERR ED-ERR-IM
9. You’re welcome - Birşey değil. (in response to “Thank you”) - BEER-SHEY DEY-EEL
10. Please - Lütfen. - LUT-FEN
11. Do you speak English? - İngilizce konuşur musunuz? İngilizce biliyor musunuz? - INN-GLIZ-JE CON-NUSH-OR MUS-UN-UZ (BILL-IYOR)
12. I don’t speak Turkish - Türkçe bilmiyorum! - TURK-JEH BILL-MI-YOR-UM
13. I don’t understand - Sizi anlamıyorum. - SI-ZI ANN-LA-MA-YOR-UM
14. Could you please repeat - Şunu tekrar edebilir misiniz? - SHU-NU TEK-RA ED-EBB-ILL-EAR MISS-IN-IZ
15. Pleased to meet you - Tanıştığımıza sevindim./Memnum oldum - TAN-ISH-TI-IM-IZA SEV-IN-DIM/ MEM-NUM-OLL-DUM
16. Where is the washroom? - Afedersiniz, tuvalet nerede? - AFF-ED-DER-SIN-IZ TOO-WA-LET NER-REY-DE
17. How much does it cost? - Ne kadar? - NAY KAD-AR
18. May I speak to [Name]? - [Name] ile görüşebilir miyim? - ... ILL-EH GOR-EH-SHEBB-ILL-EAR ME-YIM
19. I am sorry - Özür dilerim. Pardon! - OUZ-UR DILL-EAR-IM - PARR-DON
20. Excuse me - Afedersiniz. - AFF-ED-DAR-SAN-IZ
21. Can you help me? - Yardım edebilir misiniz? - YARR-DIM ED-EBB-ILL-EAR MISS-IN-IZ
22. Yes - Evet. - EV-ET
23. No - Hayır. - HI-EAR
24. I don’t know - Bilmiyorum. - BILL-ME-YOR-UM
25. Okay/Alright - Tamam. - TAM-AM
26. Welcome - Hoş Geldiniz. - HOSH GEL-DIN-IZ
27. We came well (response to hoş geldiniz) - Hoş Bulduk. - HOSH BULL-DUK
Pronunciation guide of Turkish alphabet:
A – sounds like ah as in "awful"
B – sounds like b as in " bed"
C – sounds like j as in " juniper"
Ç – sounds like ch as in "chipper"
D – sounds like d as in "dog"
E – sounds like eh as in "hey"
F – sounds like f as in "fun"
G – sounds like g as in "gift"
Ğ – silent letter ( The English word 'yoghurt' (or yogurt) is taken from the Turkish yoğurt, pronounced: 'yo-urt')
H – sounds like h as in "happy"
I – sounds like ə as in "the"
İ – sounds like i as in " interest"
J – sounds like je as in "mirage"
K – sounds like k as in "king"
L – sounds like l as in " love"
M – sounds like m as in "man"
N – sounds like n as in "none"
O – sounds like o as in "over"
Ö – sounds like ö as in "cook"
P – sounds like p as in "pickle"
R – sounds like r as in "river"
S – sounds like s as in "supper"
Ş – sounds like sh as in "shelf"
T – sounds like t as in "top"
U – sounds like u as in "oodles"
Ü – sounds like ü as in "astute"
V – sounds like v as in "vestibule"
Y – sounds like y as in "yes"
Z – sounds like z as in "zoo"