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Republic Day Turkey

27th October 2014


A proud nation gleefully display their flag with great pride. Throughout Turkey the 29th October marks the day that the name of the nation, Turkey, and its status as a Republic was officially declared.

It was back in 1923, that Turkey officially become the Republic of Turkey, today it is a national public holiday and every year Turkey commemorates this proclamation.

It was after Turkey’s victory in the War of Independence (1919-1923), that the Turkish parliament declared the Turkish state as a republic. The Turkish parliament adopted a new constitution on October 29, 1923, and replaced the old constitution of the Ottoman Empire. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who led the Turkish War of Independence to victory, became the country’s first president on the same day. It was Atatürk, who stated that the Republic Day is Turkey’s most important holiday.

How do Turkish people celebrate?

Many celebrate Republic Day by attending performances and participating in traditional processions with flags and musical bands. Many people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visit Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.

In the evening of October 29 many cities have traditional processions with flags and musical bands to commemorate Republic Day in Turkey. Expect lots of fireworks which mark the end of the processions, which begin after dark.


Public holiday/business closed

The official national holiday starts on the afternoon of the 28th lasting 35 hours.

Banks, Public administration buildings, schools, post offices and many small businesses are closed on the afternoon on the 28th and reopen on the 30th.

Public transport schedules may vary. Public transport routes may change in the event of street performances and processions.

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