On the 29th of October 1923, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk declared that Turkey would be a republic and renamed it as the 'Republic of Turkey'.
The Republic Day of Turkey is a public holiday throughout Turkey, commemorating the proclamation of the republic in 1923. It lasts 35 hours, starting on the afternoon of the previous day. October 28, is also an official holiday.
Many people in Turkey celebrate Republic Day by attending performances and participating in traditional processions with flags and musical bands.
The Turkish Republic’s founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk proclaimed Republic Day as Turkey’s most important holiday. Many people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visit Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.
In the evening of October 29 many cities have traditional processions with flags and musical bands to commemorate Republic Day in Turkey. The processions usually end with fireworks, which begin after dark.
Public administration buildings, schools, post offices and many small businesses are usually closed on this day. Public transport schedules may vary and public transport routes may change in the event of street performances and processions.
The afternoon of the previous day, October 28, is also an official holiday with many banks and government buildings open for half a day.
Turkey had effectively been a republic from April 23, 1920 when the establishment of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was introduced. However it was 3 years later that it was officially recognised.
On the 29th of October 1923, the new name of the nation and its status as a republic was declared. After that, a vote occurred in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and Atatürk was selected as the 1st president of the Republic of Turkey.
Since then, every year on the 29th of October Republic Day in Turkey is celebrated.