Everyone loves a beautiful garden so we have asked one of our recommended traders Turkey, an expert in pest control, for some tips and hints for looking after the trees in your gardens.
Q: What type of bugs could affect my trees and palm trees?
A: In respect of palm trees the red palm bug is very dangerous. The red palm bug can cause your palm tree to dry out. The bugs lay their eggs where the leaf bases attach to the tree, when the larvae hatch they eat into the centre of the tree. You may not even notice a problem with the palm tree until the top falls off. The red spider is dangerous for your trees, it is tiny only 0.5 mm so it is difficult to see, the tree will start to look unhealthy and the leaves can go yellow. You need to treat the tree as soon as you notice a problem otherwise the whole tree can become infected.
Q: What signs should we look out for?
A: With both palm trees and other trees one of the first signs that the tree has a problem is the leaves will start to go brown or yellow and the leaves could start to fall prematurely. Also look out for soft spots, open wounds, fungi or rot. Trees need to have the infected branches removed cleanly as broken off branches can attract more diseases and pests. Palm trees need to be cleaned, pruned and sprayed with a special poison. If in doubt call in an expert, such a pest control expert, as you may do more harm than good.
Q: Tips for looking after trees
A: Trees need the correct manure, minerals and pesticide, a pest control expert can advice you on this. In the summer the trees will need plenty of water. Trees should be pruned regularly to remove dead, broken or diseased branches. Young trees should be pruned annually for the first few years.
Q: Why are the leaves going yellow?
A: Leaves on trees will generally start to go yellow in August or September time; this is usually due to a lack of nutrients. At this time the trees need rain and manure; the red spiders can start to eat the trees, taking water from the leaves or fruit. Depending on what nutrients are lacking the trees will show different symptoms.
Q: Why are my trees not growing?
A: There are a number of reasons why your trees may not be growing. These include the soil lacking in nutrients, trees needing more water, trees being planted in the wrong place or the trees not being compatible with neighbouring plants and trees.
Q: When is the best time to prune trees?
A: The best time to carry out heavy pruning of trees is when the tree is dormant, preferably in the late winter (December to February) before active growth starts. Light pruning can be done anytime. Do not prune in the autumn as this is when the fungi spray their spores and wounds on trees take longer to heal.
Q: How often should you fertilise trees?
A: Ideally growing trees should be fertilised throughout the year. The trees need larger amounts of nitrogen based fertiliser during the growing season. The best time to apply this is early spring. If the tree is looking unhealthy (yellowing leaves or slow growth), this could indicate that the tree has a nutrient deficiency and fertiliser can be applied anytime during the growing season. When fertilising during the hot summer months plenty of water should be given to tree to prevent a build up of salts that can damage the tree roots system. Do not over-fertilise or the tree may not produce any fruit.
Q: Why is there no fruit on my trees?
A: Some of the common problems for trees not producing fruit are incorrect pruning, so that the tree only produces leaves, and poor pollination. Some fruit trees, such as apples and pears, need cross pollination to produce fruit. This means you need more than one variety of apple or pear tree. Other common problems for lack of fruit are insufficient water and nutrients.
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